Posts tagged with "positive reinforcement training"

Behavior and Training Class May 28th 2016 – Hope to See You!

What the Heck? Positive Punishment?

A More Practical Approach to Understanding the Science of Animal Behavior.

CE – 4 Hours Credit

Saturday, May 28thth, 2016  —  10 a.m. – 2:30 p.m.

Jena Questen, DVM, CertAqV

Dr. Jena Questen of East West Vet, a veterinary practice providing balanced holistic and traditional care for dogs, cats, horses, llamas, and Koi fish, is a practitioner with a special interest in the science of animal behavior and training.

Location: Bel-Rea Institute of Animal Technology

Cost: $175.00, checks should be made out to Bel-Rea Institute

This class is for everyone! Guardians, technicians, animal trainers and would be trainers! If you LOVE interacting with animals, this class is for YOU!

No prerequisites although a basic understanding of behavior learning theory is helpful.

DrQ’s specialty in fish medicine has given her unique insight into the world of the training elite, marine mammal trainers. Learning more about the concepts of positive reinforcement, and how behavior impacts so many areas of an animal’s life, has ignited in her a passion to share the link to behavior and health to all animal lovers. She teaches and utilizes her knowledge and experience through free courses she offers via her animal rescue organization the Resqranch. This course is for anyone working with animals, including students, trainers, or just interested animal lovers. This course is an introduction to the science and terminology with the recent advances in our understanding of animal behavior and learning. However, the primary purpose is to give the student practical, hands-on applications for how to utilize this information in their day to day dealings with animals and their people.  This course is designed to help demystify training terminology, gives an easy to follow formula on how to train any animal, how to do almost anything, as well as practical tips and advice to keep people happy and safe with many kinds of animals in different situations.

Teaching at Purdue University.

Teaching at Purdue University.

Upon completion of this session, the student will have a good understanding of the meaning of positive and negative reinforcement, along with positive and negative punishment, and operant conditioning. Students will get an introduction to the concepts of LIMA, and marker training, and why it should be considered in any training program.  Students will also learn to appreciate the concept of how behavior is VITAL for good, long term health. What are the 7 most important areas of behavior, as related to maintaining health for multiple species of animals. Students will learn simplified, practical approaches to apply the science based concepts of behavior and training in everyday scenarios. There will be plenty of opportunity for case examples, questions, and an opportunity for hands on demonstrations with the horses on site.  

Complete the following and submit with payment (check or cash only) to Jennifer Hillgrove at Bel-Rea Institute, 1681 S. Dayton St. Denver, CO  80247.  Payment is non-refundable after Tuesday, May 19th,  2016, unless the class is cancelled.

LAST DAY to sign up for this CE is Thursday, May 19th 2016 at 12:00 noon.

Intrigued? Then sign up today, don’t delay! Looking forward to seeing you all there, it’s going to be a blast! 🙂


Did you brush your pet’s teeth today? Why not?!

Pet tooth care tools

Some at home dental care tools: 2 types of gauze you can use instead of a toothbrush, one type of small toothbrush, a finger toothbrush, oral dental gel which can be used instead of pet toothpaste (also pictured), use which ever flavor your pet prefers. Remember never use human toothpaste for animals! Animals might swallow the fluoride which is not good for them to ingest.

February is National Pet Dental Health month, and begs the question, have you brushed your pet’s teeth lately? This morning I hugged my dog and basked in her warm sweet smell, including her slightly strong ‘doggy’ breath.  You might be like me, and that odor  may not bother you too much. After all,  it seems like a ‘normal’ part of having a pet. However,  it’s really not normal. The concern is not the odor so much as what it could indicate,  possible dental disease. Time brush her teeth and examine her closely for any signs of infection!

Now you may not be able to see the subtle signs of dental disease, that’s your veterinarian’s job, but if you look in their mouth regularly you are going to notice changes. It is your responsibility to brush your pet’s teeth on a regular basis. If you have tried without success, then resign yourself to having to have your pet’s teeth professionally cleaned by someone like me, on a somewhat regular basis. You brush your teeth daily and even get your  teeth cleaned once or twice a year. It is no different for our dogs and cats. Imagine what is going on in your animal’s mouth when we only brush occasionally or not at all. We have all heard about and know the dangers of dental disease, from pain and lost teeth, to heart disease. Yikes!

Now I will admit teaching some animals to enjoy having their teeth brushed can be time consuming and frustrating. That is why it is always best to start when they are young, although any animal can learn to, if not enjoy, at least tolerate, getting their teeth brushed. The key is using lots of positive reinforcement, go painstakingly slow,  break the entire process down into little tiny baby steps, pairing the experience with yummy treats that never appear except at tooth brushing time, and being consistent (did I mention going slow).  This is the best way to go. In the long run it saves time, money, dental pain, and the stress of having to undergo dental procedures from the vet. Yes I am telling you how to avoid me and vet dental bills!

Brushing your dog's teeth

However, if this is just not possible for whatever reason, then at some point to keep your animal healthy they will need a dental procedure to address the odor and underlying potential  disease process. In my experience there are 3 options for companion animal dental care.



  1. Complete dentistry, including x-rays, taken under full general anesthesia
  2. Complete dentistry, done under sedation and with pain medication
  3. Anesthesia ‘free’ dental procedures done by non-professionals

Which one you choose is up to you and your veterinarian to decide. Most folks are always a little concerned about general anesthesia, and for good reason.  Which is why I prefer to evaluate each case on an individual basis, and decide which is the best option. If possible, my preference is to opt for #2. This allows the animal to be calm enough to allow a complete and thorough procedure, and address all areas of the mouth, including a good exam of the back of the throat, under the tongue, and the back sides of the teeth, to look for tumors, growths, broken teeth, or any other abnormalities.

I often see people spend a lot of money on option #3. I have some serious concerns with this approach. Although you are avoiding general anesthesia, no matter how gentle the handler, you are still risking the animal struggling  some during the procedure and getting stabbed in the gum with a sharp instrument. Not to mention there is NO WAY you can get the same clear view, fully, inside the entire mouth, with an animal completely awake. Besides, if the animal does struggle and has bleeding gums, wouldn’t you want them to have adequate pain medication on board? I have found very few instances where I have have much confidence or comfort level with someone other than a veterinarian claiming to be able to perform a thorough and adequate dental procedure.

The other extreme is of course general anesthesia, which we all want to avoid.  Which is why I really encourage all my clients to take the time it takes, to teach their animal to tolerate teeth brushing. It is really one of, if not THE most important thing you can do for your animal’s long term overall health and longevity.

However, sometimes it is just not possible to avoid the need for a dental procedure under general anesthesia. Such as if there is a badly fractured tooth that definitely need x-rays and extraction. In this case, the best scenario is to do the blood-work before hand to help minimize the risks, and then resign resign yourself to teaching the tooth brushing, so you never have to put your animal through it again.

My personal approach is more middle of the road, and most of my clients seem to really love it! If at all possible, I prefer to do the dental procedure, right at home, so the pet never has to spend time in a scary hospital. I use an excellent sedative with pain medications, and perform the entire procedure right in the comfort of your own home! I scale, polish, and apply fluoride to the teeth, just as in a regular hospital setting. This allows me to alleviate some of the client concerns about general anesthesia, yet still provide an excellent job fully evaluating the entire mouth and all the teeth, while providing appropriate pain medication.

What it looks like to have a kitty dental procedure done in the comfort of your own home.

What it looks like to have a kitty dental procedure done in the comfort of your own home.

A kitty with moderate to severe dental disease. Notice the red gums indicating significant gingivitis. This is often painful for animals!

A kitty with moderate to severe dental disease. Notice the red gums indicating significant gingivitis. This is often painful for animals!

After the dental procedure. Much improved! An excellent investment in this cat's long term health!

After the dental procedure. Much improved! An excellent investment in this cat’s long term health!

Of course I would still rather spend time encouraging you and teaching you how to train your animal to let YOU brush their teeth, so we don’t have to make any of those choices at all!

Doggy or kitty breath is really not something to be taken lightly. Below are some link’s to video’s showing  the importance of dental disease and how it affect’s health, how to brush your dog’s teeth, and how to brush your cat’s teeth. So the next time you hug your dog or cat and smell their strong breath, remember it’s time to get better about brushing their teeth, and/or have their mouth examined by your veterinary professional. If you know it’s time to schedule that appointment, we now have on-line booking available on this website. For help or advice on teaching tooth brushing, leave comments below, find me on Facebook, or watch some of the helpful videos below.

On that note, I am DrQ, here to help YOU, and your animal, live the longest, healthiest, happiest life possible! Thanks for reading and please share if you like it!

A great video about why brushing teeth is important, tools for at home dental care, and a demonstration of brushing your dog’s teeth. 

Why dental care is so important a good explanation of dental disease in pets.

Clicker training a dog to love toothbrushing if you are inclined to clicker training.

A good example of how to brush cat’s teeth without much fuss.